Monday, March 26, 2012

Cardiac Surgery Powerpoint Templates - Congenital Heart Diseases

Dr. Anand Somaya first trained under Dr. Nemish Shah, pioneer in cardiac surgery in children for many years. He underwent specialized training at the Texas Heart Institute in Houston and the National Heart Hospital in London. Heart Powerpoint Templates
A congenital heart defect (CHD) is a defect in the structure of the heart and great vessels of a newborn. Most heart defects either obstruct blood flow in the heart or vessels near it or cause blood to flow through the heart in an abnormal pattern, although other defects affecting heart rhythm (such as long QT syndrome) can also occur. Heart defects are among the most common birth defects and are the leading cause of birth defect-related deaths.

Some of the common defects are patent ductus arteriosus, atrial and ventricular septal defect, blue baby’s syndrome which can be caused by various defects like fallots tetralogy and other complex deformities of the heart.

Symptoms and signs are related to the type and severity of the heart defect. Some children have no signs while others may exhibit shortness of breath, cyanosis, chest pain, syncope, sweating, heart murmur, respiratory infections, under-developing of limbs and muscles, poor feeding, or poor growth, build up of blood and fluid in lungs, feet, ankles and legs. Congenital heart defects cause abnormal heart structure resulting in production of certain sounds called heart murmur. Doctors can sometimes detect it with Stethoscope.

There are some factors that are associated with an increased chance of getting congenital heart disease. 

These risk factors include:

1. Genetic or chromosomal abnormalities in the child such as Down syndrome.

2. Taking certain medications or alcohol or drug abuse during pregnancy.

3. Maternal viral infection, such as rubella (German measles) in the first trimester of pregnancy.

1. Shortness of breath.

2. Limited ability to exercise.

3. Rapid breathing. 

4. A bluish tint to skin, lips and fingernails. This is called cyanosis.

5. Fatigue (tiredness).

6. Poor blood circulation.

Diagnosis :

Congenital heart disease is often first detected when your doctor hears an abnormal heart sound or heart murmur when listening to your heart.

1. Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG).

2. Chest X-ray.

3. Echocardiogram or transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE).

4. Cardiac catheterization.

5. MRI.

Surgery Powerpoint Templates To Repair The Defect :

A child may need open-heart surgery if his or her heart defect can't be fixed using a catheter procedure. Sometimes, one surgery can repair the defect completely. If that's not possible, a child may need more than one surgery over a period of months or years to fix the problem.
Open-heart surgery may be done to:
1. Close holes in the heart with stitches or with a patch.
2. Repair or replace heart valves.
3. Widen arteries or openings to heart valves.
4. Repair complex defects, such as problems with where the blood vessels near the heart are located and how they develop.

Friday, March 16, 2012

Ear, Nose and Throat Surgery Powerpoint Templates

The field of Otolaryngology also referred to as ENT (ear, nose, and throat) describes a delicate medical field treating an important system in our body as well as head and neck disorders. Any ENT condition can potentially cause severe pain in multiple places, temporary or permanently damage one's hearing and even cause trouble with a patients breathing. Ear Surgery Powerpoint Templates
Simple and common conditions such as chronic earaches, colds and sore throats cause misery for millions of us every year, as well as more serious conditions like sinus problems. People get used to these conditions and forget what it is like to breathe without congestion or live without chronic sinus pain, as they often treat their illnesses on a timely basis, believing they have no other choices. Nose Surgery Powerpoint Templates
Well, for some chronic diseases there are solutions and surgery may be one of them. If it's a tonsillectomy, sinus surgery, ear implants and more, there are many ENT procedures that may help chronic patients. The problem arises when the patient cannot have the surgery and not improve their quality of life. Throat Surgery Powerpoint Templates
This can be due to high medical bills and the lack of proper medical insurance (or none at all), long waiting lists for the surgery and maybe even the fact that there is a higher level of expertise and more advanced research in a foreign country in the specific medical field. People travel abroad for many different kinds of medical surgeries, including ENT surgeries, as part of the global industry of Medical Tourism.

Cancer Surgery Powerpoint Templates : An Overview

Cancer experts of India provide finest bone cancer surgery using techniques that optimize outcome, reduce recovery time, and minimize the cost of surgery. Hospitals India - especially the location at Chennai and Mumbai specializes in management of bone cancer and there is a specialized surgical team that focuses on the supervision of successful bone cancer surgery. Hospitals providing bone cancer surgery in India are world renowned for it quality treatment and advanced technology and it is popularly known for its care and treatment. View Detail > Cancer Surgery Powerpoint Templates

Cancer that starts in a bone is rare. Cancer that has spread to the bone from another part of the body is more common.

There are three types of bone cancer:

Osteosarcoma - develops in growing bones, usually between ages 10 and 25

Chondrosarcoma - starts in cartilage, usually after age 50

Ewing's sarcoma - begins in nerve tissue in bone marrow of young people, often after treatment of another condition with radiation or chemotherapy

The most common symptom of bone cancer is pain. Other symptoms may vary depending on the location and size of the cancer. Surgery is often the main treatment for bone cancer. Other treatments may include amputation, chemotherapy and radiation

Bone cancersurgery is the most common bone cancer treatment. Although amputation of a limb is sometimes necessary, chemotherapy has made limb-sparing bone cancer surgery possible in many cases. When possible, surgeons avoid amputation by removing only the cancerous section of the bone and replacing it with an artificial device called prosthesis or with bone from another place in the body. In some cases, all or part of an arm or leg may have to be removed (amputated) to make sure that all of the cancer is taken out. If the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes, the lymph nodes will also be removed (this is called lymph node dissection).

source : link

How Can Help Heart Surgery PowerPoint Templates In Human Life?

Known for offering a vast range of health care services, India has always been a favourite destination for people seeking medical treatment from across the world. Even for the complex heart surgery procedures, India has established itself as enviable in providing world class facilities as any other country in the world.

Heart Surgery involves a lot of precision and performing the surgery requires use of cutting - edge technologies such as 256 slice CT scan, Cardiac MRI, PET scan, SPECT thallium, 3D echocardiography, Contrast echocardiography and Robotic surgery, to name a few that are available in the world class hospitals in India. These technologies at an affordable cost have lead to an increase in the success rate of Heart Surgery Powerpoint Templates.

The heart surgery procedures are being performed at state-of-the art hospitals in India that are well equipped with latest technologies and skilled surgeons who are known for their expertise in performing complex heart surgeries with a lot of precision. Despite the quality treatment which is comparable with any other facility in the world, the heart surgery procedures are being performed at an affordable cost in these super-specialty hospitals.

The Common indications for Heart Surgery are: Ischemic heart disease, which may lead to congestive heart failure, conditions such as congenital heart disease, valvular heart disease, other cardiovascular diseases etc.
The common Heart Surgery Procedures being performed in Hospitals in India are:
·         Minimally Invasive Heart Bypass surgery Minimally invasive heart bypass surgery or the MIDCAB is a minimally invasive approach to conventional Bypass Surgery, used for the correction of coronary heart disease. It is also referred to as "keyhole" heart surgery.
·         Valve Replacement Surgery - Heart valve replacement is a procedure by which surgeons remove a damaged heart valve and substitute it with grafts or parts from body tissues or with synthetic heart valves.
·         Angioplasty - It is a non-surgical procedure used to open blocked heart arteries in which a balloon is used to open blood vessels that have been narrowed or blocked due to deposition of plaque.
·         Valvuloplasty - Balloon valvuloplasty, is often termed as percutaneous balloon valvuloplasty. The procedure is used to open a narrowed heart valve or stenosis and improves the valve function and blood flow through the heart.
·         Pacemaker Implantation - A cardiac pacemaker is a small device that helps the heart beat more evenly.
·         Off Pump Coronary Artery Bypass - A heart surgery procedure, this allows a surgeon to re-route the flow of blood around a blocked coronary artery, without stopping the heart.

Congenital heart defects usually are treated by a pediatric cardiologist and possibly a cardiac surgeon. Treatment for congenital heart defects, whether they are detected at birth or later in life, may involve medication, surgery, or a combination of both

There are many types of congenital heart defects. Most obstruct the flow of blood in the heart, or the vessels near it, or cause an abnormal flow of blood through the heart. Rarer types include newborns born with one ventricle, one side of the heart that is not completely formed, or the pulmonary artery and the aorta coming out of the same ventricle. Most congenital heart defects require surgery during infancy or childhood.

Recommended ages for surgery for the most common congenital heart defects are:
Causes :

heart disease (CHD) can describe a number of different problems affecting the heart. According to the American Heart Association, about 35,000 babies are born each year with some type of congenital heart defect. Congenital heart disease is responsible for more deaths in the first year of life than any other birth defects. Many of these defects need to be followed carefully. Some heal over time, others will require treatment.

While congenital heart disease is present at birth, the symptoms may not be immediately obvious. Defects such as coarctation of the aorta may not cause problems for many years. Other problems, such as a small ventricular septal defect (VSD), may never cause any problems, and some people with a VSD have normal physical activity and a normal life span. Surgery Powerpoint Templates

Some congenital heart diseases can be treated with medication alone, while others require one or more surgeries. The risk of death from congenital heart disease surgery has dropped from about 30% in the 1970s to less than 5% in most cases today.